MACHIR (Heb. מָכִיר), son of Manasseh and grandson of Joseph. Although Machir appears to have been an only son according to Numbers 26:29–34 (cf. Gen. 50:23), other traditions ascribe more sons to Manasseh (Josh. 17:2), and name Asriel as a brother (I Chron. 7:14). Machir's mother is said to have been an Aramean (ibid.). He married maacah who bore him Peresh and Sheresh (I Chron. 7:16). He also had a daughter (I Chron. 2:21). He is most frequently described as the father of Gilead (Num. 26:29; Josh. 17:1; I Chron. 2:21; 7:14). Machir is the eponym of one of the most important clans of the tribe of Manasseh, the special status of which is acknowledged in Genesis 50:23. In the Song of Deborah, Machir is mentioned along with Ephraim and Benjamin (Judg. 5:14) while Manasseh is missing, indicating that this powerful tribe is represented by Machir. Further, the Song distinguishes between this tribe and the Gilead who resides in Transjordan and who, along with the tribe of Reuben, did not participate in the war (Judg. 5:15, 17). However, the location of Machir west of the Jordan contradicts other sources which state that the Machirites captured the Gilead and the Bashan in Moses' time before the Israelites crossed the Jordan (Num. 32:39–40; Josh. 17:1). It is reasonable to suppose that at first the entire clan dwelt west of the Jordan. Later, a part of it crossed to the eastern side (cf. Josh. 13:31, "A part of the sons of Machir"). It was subsequent to this settlement that Machir became head of Gilead. According to Numbers 32:39–42, the clan settled in the northern Gilead from the Jabbok to the Yarmuk, while jair , son of Manasseh, and Nobah were located even farther north, in the Bashan (cf. Deut. 3:14). In contrast to this, Joshua 13:29–31 and 17:1–2 record that the Machirites settled both in the Gilead and in the Bashan, whereas Jair was situated in the land of Gilead (I Chron. 2:22). These contradictions may be reconciled by assuming that Jair was another branch of the larger clan of Machir or, in the course of time, became affiliated with it. Indeed, in I Chronicles 2:21 Jair is considered Machir's descendant. Further, Maacah's being Machir's wife (I Chron. 7:16) suggests that the Machirites settled north of the Yarmuk bordering the land of Maacah. The reference in I Chronicles 7:14 apparently hints at an ethnic assimilation of the families of Machir with the Aramean population north of the Yarmuk. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Bergman, in: JAOS, 54 (1934), 169–77; idem, in: JPOS, 16 (1936), 224–54; J. Liver, in: EM, 4 (1962), 960–1. (Bustanay Oded)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Machir — Machir/Makir meaning bartered was the name of two figures in the Bible. 1. Machir, the son of Manasseh, and father of Gilead.[1] In the Torah s account of the journey of the Israelites after the Exodus, Machir (the individual) is portrayed as… …   Wikipedia

  • MACHIR — fil. Manasse, Gen. c. 50. v. 23. Pater Galaad. 1 Par. c. 7. v. 14. Filius item Ammihel. 2 Sam. c. 9. v. 4 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • machir — machir(r) varr. machair …   Useful english dictionary

  • Machir — Der Name Machir bezeichnet: einen ostjordanischen Stamm Israels, siehe Machir (Stamm) eine Person zur Zeit König Davids, siehe Machir (Person) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bez …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Machir ben Abba Mari — (Hebrew: מכיר בן אבא מרי) was the author of a work entitled Yalkut ha Makiri (ילקוט המכירי), but about whom not even the country or the period in which he lived is definitively known. Moritz Steinschneider ( Jewish Literature, p. 143) supposes… …   Wikipedia

  • Machir (tribal group) — Machir was an Israelite group mentioned in the Song of Deborah. An eponymous Machir is mentioned in the biblical genealogies as the son of Manasseh [Numbers 26:29] , presumably implying that the Machir tribal group was part of the tribe of… …   Wikipedia

  • Machir (Stamm) — Machir (hebr. ‏מכיר‎) bezeichnet einen im Ostjordanland siedelnden Volksstamm Israels in biblischer Zeit. Etymologie Der Name Machir kommt von dem hebräischen Verb ‏מכר‎ (verkaufen) und bedeutet »der Verkaufte«. Biblische Darstellung Der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Machir (Person) — Machir (hebr. ‏מכיר‎) bezeichnet eine Person zur Zeit König Davids. Etymologie Der Name Machir kommt von dem hebräischen Verb ‏מכר‎ (verkaufen) und bedeutet »der Verkaufte«. Biblische Darstellung Machir wird in 2 Sam 9,4 5 EU und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MACHIR BEN JUDAH — (first half 11th century), younger brother of gershom b. judah , the Light of the Exile. Machir was the author of Alef Bet de Rabbi Makhir. This work was in the possession of Rashi and the tosafists, who quote from it (Rashi, Gen. 43:11; Pes.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Machir —    Sold.    1) Manasseh s oldest son (Josh. 17:1), or probably his only son (see 1 Chr. 7:14, 15; comp. Num. 26:29 33; Josh. 13:31). His descendants are referred to under the name of Machirites, being the offspring of Gilead (Num. 26:29). They… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

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